Monitoring primate biodiversity and epizootics in brazil by citizen scientists
Marina Galvão BuenoMuseo del Jade
Raquel Marques, Marina Galvão Bueno, Lívia Abdalla, Eduardo Krempser, Douglas A. Augusto, Leticia Lucena, Rita Braune, Marcia Chame
The participation of citizen scientists as part of research projects has been growing in different areas of knowledge. Considering the importance of the monitoring of diseases in wild animals, the extensive Brazilian territorial dimensions and its high biodiversity, the surveillance of epizootics in primates is challenging. Thus, citizen science emerges as an aid to the monitoring of primate species and epizootics of yellow fever. In this scenario, the Institutional Platform for Biodiversity and Wildlife Health created a real-time system for monitoring wild animals (SISS-Geo). Herein, we evaluated the SISS-Geo primates records from 2014 to December 2018. There were 534 records (217 dead and 317 alive), of 26 species divided into 5 families, with different IUCN degrees of threat: Critically Endangered (n=1), Endangered (n=7), Vulnerable (n=1), Near Threatened (n=3) and as Least Concern (n=13). Furthermore, there is one record classified as Data Deficient, which may indicate the use of this technology in providing data for species that are poorly known, as well as those that inhabit protected areas: 133 registers in 28 conservation units. Since 2016, the southeastern region of Brazil has been facing a new outbreak of yellow fever, with thousands of epizootics. This fact was reflected in SISS-Geo records, which in the same period amounted to 91% of total reports; with 72% in the southeastern region. The primates with the highest number of records are from the genus Callithrix (53%), most of them hybrids of C. penicillata and C. jacchus, well distributed in the urban parks of the cities, which favors people sighting of the epizootics. SISS-Geo has been improving data quality by streamlining municipalitys epidemiological surveillance, which contributes to human vaccination actions. This study demonstrates that citizen science projects can have an important role for the monitoring of primates and the surveillance of zoonoses that arise from wildlife.